Sperm count or low sperm motility are the most frequent fertility problems in men and can cause that a couple cannot conceive a child.
Many semen alterations are genetic but no treatment that could repair these genetic defects currently exists. However, increasingly advanced assisted reproduction techniques can help to convert male infertility into a minor problem in a couple wishing to have a baby.
Indicated techniques in cases of male infertility
Artificial Insemination by Husband (AIH) and In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF): These techniques are recommended in cases of moderately low sperm count and motility. Patients undergo a 3-month AIH treatment. If the result is not satisfactory, the couple undergoes IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
IVF with ICSI or Artificial Insemination by Donor: If the sperm count is severely low and motility is low, the couple can directly undergo in vitro fertilisation treatment (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection or artificial insemination by donor (AID).
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It consists of an In Vitro Fertilization treatment shared between both women, that is, one woman is the donor of the egg, while the other woman is the pregnant woman of the embryo.
IVF – In vitro fertilization
It is the union of the ovum with the sperm in the laboratory, in order to obtain embryos already fertilized to transfer to the maternal uterus and achieve a pregnancy.
It refers specifically to the technique used in the event that one or both parents have a genetic abnormality. The embryo is analyzed to determine if it carries the same genetic abnormality.
Fertility treatment that consists of performing an In Vitro Fertilization with anonymous donor eggs. If necessary, this egg is fertilized with semen from the partner or another donor.